Ike Nnachi, Abakaliki
Mr Silas Ọnụ, a member of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has appealed the decision of the appeal court sacking him as the Ebonyi State Chairman of the party.
The appellate court in its decision also restored Mr Tochukwu Okorie as the substantive Chairman of the party in the state.
Mr Silas Ọnụ, a former spokesperson of the party, in the notice of appeal raised two grounds for appeal.
Mr Ọnụ and Mr Tochukwu Okorie had contested for the chairmanship position which held on October 16, 2021.
Mr Okorie polled 1,240 votes to defeat Silas Onu, who scored 260 votes in the election.
Dissatisfied, Onu filed a suit challenging the process and listed the PDP and Okorie as first and second defendants, respectively.
Onu prayed the court to rule whether or not Okorie qualified to contest in the October 16 election even after he did not submit his nomination form within the stipulated deadline.
The Federal High Court in Abuja agreed with him and sacked Tochukwu Okorie as chairman.
Delivering ruling in the suit on April 13, 2021, Justice Ahmed Mohammed, the presiding judge, held that Okorie was not validly nominated to contest the election having submitted his nomination form on October 4, 2021 — days after the October 1, 2021, deadline.
Justice Mohammed held that “Okorie cannot be allowed to benefit from his wrongdoing.”
“It is the opinion of this court that the second defendant (Okorie) was indolent in submitting his nomination form as provided in the guidelines issued by the PDP,” the judge held.
“In spite of this failure, he was still returned and declared elected. He cannot be allowed to benefit from his wrongdoing.”
Consequently, the judge also directed the party to issue a certificate of return to Onu, declaring him as the duly elected chairman of PDP, Ebonyi chapter.
But Tochukwu Okorie appealed the decision arguing that the matter is an internal affair of the party which the lower court should not have entertained in the first place.
The Court of Appeal, Abuja Division, on August 15, agreed with him as it nullified and set aside the judgment of the lower court of April 13, 2022.
It, therefore, sacked Mr. Silas Onu as Chairman and restored Okorie as substantive Chairman of the party in the state.
In a unanimous decision, the three-man panel of Justices held that the trial court erred when it assumed jurisdiction to hear the matter being an internal affair of the party which is not justiceable.
Mr Silas in ground one is arguing that the Court of Appeal erred in law when it assumed jurisdiction over the appeal before it, and determined same.
According to him, the notice of Appeal which commenced the appeal at the appellate Court was a joint Notice of Appeal filed on 22 April 2022 by the Peoples Democratic Party as the 1st Appellant and the instant Respondent, as the 2nd Appellant therein.
“In the course of the Appeal, the Peoples Democratic Party, accepted the judgment of the trial Court and elected to discontinue its appeal.
“The Court below struck out the name of Peoples Democratic Party from the appeal and the respondent, proceeded to amend the joint Notice of Appeal and the joint brief of argument.
“The Respondent filed a new Notice of Appeal dated 4 July, 2022 totally removing the Peoples Democratic Party, who is a party directly affected by the appeal, from the proceeding,” he said.
Mr Silas insists that the discontinuance of the appeal by the Peoples Democratic Party renders the Joint Notice of Appeal incompetent, and cannot be amended thereafter.
“The removal of the Peoples Democratic Party as a party to the appeal, altered the original parties to the appeal which is a re-hearing of the proceedings at the trial Court.
“The lower Court ought to strike out the appeal as it lacked the jurisdiction to make any further Order therefrom as the Notice of Appeal became fundamentally defective and incompetent.
“The Respondent, in pursuing an appeal has to file his own appeal and make the Peoples Democratic Party a Respondent in the appeal, since it was a necessary party at the trial Court.
“The Respondent’s Notice of Appeal filed on 04 July 2022 and upon which the appeal was heard and determined, is incompetent.
“The lower Court lacked the jurisdiction to hear and determine the Respondent’s appeal on the defective Joint Notice of Appeal filed on 22 April 2022, or the Notice of Appeal filed by the Respondent on 04 July 2022,” he argued.
On ground two, Mr Onu is of the opinion that the Court of Appeal erred in law and, thus, arrived at a wrong decision when it held that the matter being an internal affair of the party, the trial court should not have entertained it.
According to him, “By Sections 82(1) and (3) of the Electoral Act, 2022 it is clear that the Electoral Act, 2022 emphasizes regulates the activities of political parties by setting a standard within which political parties must conduct their affairs, including congresses and convention.
“By Section 84 (14) of the Electoral Act, 2022 the Federal High court is conferred with the jurisdiction to hear and determine questions arising from the breach of any provision of the Electoral Act, 2022; the Constitution of a political party, and Guidelines of a Political Party.”
He opined that the case before the trial Court borders on complaint about the non-adherence to the guidelines for the conduct of congresses made by the Peoples Democratic Party pursuant to its Constitution, and such, is Justiciable.
He further opined that political parties are bound by law to obey and respect their own constitutions, and guidelines made pursuant to it.
“It is trite law, as expounded by the Supreme Court in AGI v. PDP & ORS  LPELR-42518(SC) that a Court will interfere in the affairs of a political party where the party “has violated its own constitutional provisions.
“The trial Court established, and exercised its jurisdiction upon ascertaining that the complaint was strictly about the non adherence by Peoples Democratic Party with the provisions of its guidelines, which were made pursuant to its Constitution.
“It is also trite that where there is a violation of a right, there must be a remedy.The decision of the Court below has occasioned a miscarriage of justice,” he added.
Mr Ọnụ, is therefore urging the apex court to grant an order allowing his appeal.
He is also seeking an order setting aside the decision of the Court of Appeal entered on 15 August 2022.
Mr Onu further prayed the court for an order restoring the decision of the trial Court delivered on 13 April 2022 which declared him as the authentic Chairman of the party in the state.
The PDP has become factionalised in the lead up to the primaries of the party with Mr Onu leading one faction while Okorie leads the other faction.
As a result, two governorship candidates emerged from the primaries of the party.
While Mr Ifeanyi Odii emerged as the candidate from the primaries conducted by the Ọnụ faction, Obinna Ọgba, who represents Ebonyi Central in the Senate, emerged as the candidate from the primaries conducted by the Okorie faction.
Both candidates are presently in court fighting to be declared the authentic candidate of the party for the 2023 governorship election.